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HEALTHTOOLS™ (HEALTHRISK™ AND HEALTHAGE™) DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
Expert Review Panel – Expert-24 Ltd
Terms of reference
The aim of the Expert Review Panel is to ensure that all Expert-24 clinical and epidemiological content is robust, independent and up to date.
Medical Director and Editor
Dr. Timothy Dudley
Chairman of the Expert Review Panel
Dr. Robin Christie
Current authors and reviewers for the Health Risk Assessment
Dr. Martin Dawes
Dr. Jonathan Mant
Emeritus authors and reviewers for the Health Risk Assessment
The following individuals were deeply involved in the creation of the health risk assessment at its inception, but are no longer active reviewers on the panel:
Dr. John Fletcher
Dr. Emma Boulton
Professor Larry Ramsay
Professor Klim McPherson
How accurate are these percentages?
How good is the evidence?
References: Coronary Heart Disease
Most recently reviewed:
Guidelines reviewed annually:
Articles from previous updates:
The HealthTools™ assessment is an educational tool made available to you at no charge. It is designed for adults 18 years and older living in the United States. It was developed using current national standard guidelines.
Your participation in completing the HealthTools assessment is voluntary and you may exit the HealthTools assessment at any time. The HealthTools assessment is for personal use only. It is not intended to diagnose, treat or prevent medical or other health conditions. If you have a medical emergency, call 911 immediately.
The HealthTools assessment questionnaire is a series of questions about important personal health behaviors that can put you at increased risk for injury, illness and disease. It identifies your specific modifiable health risks and suggests simple actions you can take to maintain or improve your current and future health. It does not cover all of the health risks that could be of concern to you, especially if you are pregnant or have a serious health problem.
The Health Risk Assessment is not a substitute for information given to you by a licensed healthcare provider, nor is it a substitute for a medical exam. If you have any concerns about your health or if the Health Risk Assessment raises any questions consult a licensed healthcare professional. Always consult a licensed healthcare professional for diagnosis and treatment of any medical condition or before starting a diet or exercise program.
The HealthTools assessment is strictly voluntary. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) ensures that the security and privacy of your personal health information remains confidential. The HealthTools assessment is compliant with Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008. When questions about family medical history are included, you will not be required to answer those questions in order to complete the HealthTools assessment.
A personalized summary of the results and recommendations based on your responses to the HealthTools assessment questionnaire will be ready for you within minutes after completing the questionnaire. Your personalized summary will be displayed on a webpage within the HealthTools assessment and you may choose to use the “email my report” function from the results page send a copy of your personalized summary to an email address that you provide. The webpage displaying your personalized summary will expire when you close your web browser and will not be retrievable via HealthTools assessment. Please note, if you do not close your web browser, your personalized summary may be accessible by a subsequent user utilizing the web browser’s “back” button.
Section 2 – Disclaimer Review and Approval
This HealthTools assessment is for general information purposes only. It should not be used during a medical emergency or for diagnosis or treatment purposes. If you have a medical emergency, call 911 immediately. Always consult a licensed healthcare professional for diagnosis and treatment of any medical condition or before starting a diet or exercise program.
You represent that you are at least 18 years old, a resident of the United States and not subject to the care of a legal guardian.
As a user of this site, you take on certain risks and responsibilities. You also have the right to know how we protect your privacy and ensure your confidentiality and what you should expect from us. Saint Luke's Health System is responsible for the editorial content, products and services offered on this site.
· We will strive to maintain your privacy, confidentiality and security at all times.
· It is our goal to ensure your trust and confidence by providing you with as much information as we can about data collection procedures and information when needed.
· We will not sell or share any information you provide, nor will we intentionally use your data without your permission, unless for purposes of maintaining the site or for reviewing the site's use.
· We will make every effort to notify you accordingly of all data collection practices.
· It is our intention to clearly inform you when your risks or privacy may change during the course of using this site.
· It is our goal to make you aware when you leave our site for another.
· We want you to know that this system operates on a secure server and your personal and professional information and health-related personal information is encrypted before it is transmitted. Encryption is a form of scrambling and de-scrambling that ensures that no unauthorized person can see your information.
· We will separate health information content from advertising and sponsorship programs so you can distinguish between the two.
· Where health professionals may interact with consumers, we will make every effort to tell you if this establishes a patient-provider relationship and make available the credentials and qualifications of professionals.
· We will not accept or show you health information content, advertising, sponsored programs or services that we know to contain false or misleading information or that promote ineffective or dangerous products.
· You need to be an informed user of this site. Please read all our policies in full so you know how our site works and how you interact with the site.
· Pay special attention to your risks as a user. Website users open themselves up to certain risks, such as data collection.
· Understand how we collect data and how it is used. It is our goal to protect your personal information from misuse. We do, however, offer programs that collect data for special reasons, such as research, scientific studies, and statistics, in which case you may be interested in participating.
· Be aware that use of this site, its services, programs and the health information on it cannot replace nor is it intended to serve as a health care provider-patient relationship. You must always consult with a professional for diagnosis and treatment for specific health problems.
We want your personal information to remain as secure as possible; our business depends on it. We use encryption practices to help ensure the integrity and privacy of the personal information and/or health-related personal information you provide to us.
As an added security precaution, all personal information and/or health-related personal information are kept on servers with firewalls that meet or exceed industry standards to prevent intruders from gaining access.
Although we make every reasonable effort to protect personal information and health-related personal information from loss, misuse or alteration by third parties, you should be aware that there is always some risk involved in transmitting information via the Internet and that hackers or thieves do find ways to thwart security systems.
We understand that the Personally Identifiable Information (PII) and Personally Identifiable Health Information (PIHI) you provide during your visit to our site is highly sensitive and you may have concerns about sharing such information with us. It is our goal to protect your privacy and we strive to develop practices and policies to safeguard your personal and health-related personal information.
At different places on our site, you may be asked to volunteer your name, e-mail, address and telephone number. We refer to this type of information as Personally Identifiable Information (PII) because it can be used to identify or contact you. When this information is combined with any information on your health or medical status, we refer to this information as Personally Identifiable Health Information (PIHI). We often collect information on site use that has nothing to do with you as an individual, only as an anonymous user of the site. We call this information "aggregate information." We intend to use the personal information, health-related personal information and aggregate information only for the purposes for which it was provided.
Some personal information and health-related personal information is needed to use this site, and we ask that you provide it with the knowledge that it will be used to enhance your experience. This information is kept confidential. We do offer special data collection programs that you can "opt-in" to use, in some cases to receive e-mail on health topics or to participate in a new service. For opt-in programs we provide you, when applicable, with detailed information on:
· Who is collecting the data
· What data are collected
· Why and how the data are transferred to a third party
· How the data are being used
· How long the data are being collected
· Who has access to the data
· What revenue is generated from data use in relation to advertisers and sponsors
· How to opt-out of data collection.
We collect information about you at several places throughout the site. You will be informed on how this information is collected at that time. You will also have the ability to opt-in to information collection when you enter the site or use a service. Most information is collected in the following instances:
to have access to all of the services and content available on our site, you
are required to complete a registration form that requests certain information,
such as name, telephone number and e-mail address. In addition, you are asked
during registration to tell us about health topics that you are interested in.
We offer specialized registration for certain programs, events and classes that
may request some or all of the above information.
We may use your registration information to send you an e-mail confirming your registration with our site, to respond to questions from you, or to notify you if there is a problem with any order for goods or services that you placed. We may also, from time to time, send e-mails, with your permission, on special promotions or newsletters we think may be of interest to you.
Your browser software can be set to reject all cookies, including cookies from our site. Most browsers offer instructions on how to reset the browser to reject cookies in the help section of the toolbar. If you reject our cookie, certain functions and conveniences of the site may not work properly. You do not have to accept our cookie in order to productively use our site. If you accept our cookie, we will never link the cookie to personal information and/or health-related personal information you provide to us. We will not allow other sites or third parties to use our cookies.
We continually seek new ways to maintain your trust as a user and improve our offerings. To provide new and better services, we tend to monitor user traffic patterns and try to analyze what our users like and do not like about our current offerings so we can design better services for you. We may also use certain information for testing purposes, site development and planning, and during the normal course of maintaining the site. When you use our site, you automatically allow us to collect this information. In these cases, researchers, business analysts, system designers and others may have access to the data we collect.
We do not intend to use or disclose any personal information or health-related personal information you provide on our site to an unrelated third party without your express permission, except as explained in this section. You should know that there are circumstances when, in the ordinary course of business, we will share some information about you with a related third party.
· We may also share aggregate statistical information on our users, sales, traffic patterns and site usage with our business partners and sponsors. There is nothing in this information that could be used to identify or contact you.
· We may, from time to time, contract with vendors to provide specific services, such as data analysis, data storage, e-mail processing, customer service, sweepstakes or special promotions. We ask vendors to adhere to our confidentiality standards and do not permit a vendor to use our customer information for any other purpose. In many of these instances, you will be given the opportunity to opt-in to this collection of information and can opt-out at any time.
· In certain limited circumstances, we may be legally compelled to release your personal information in response to a court order, subpoena, search warrant, law or regulation. In the event that we are compelled to disclose personal information and/or health-related personal information to a third party, we will notify you unless doing so would violate the law or court order. We also reserve the right to cooperate with law enforcement authorities in investigating and prosecuting users that violate our rules or engage in behavior that is harmful (or illegal) to other users.
Where third parties such as sponsors, information providers and health assessment software tools providers have access to health-related personally identifiable information from this website, our agreements with these third parties will follow these privacy principles in giving you notice and choice with respect to their access and use. Where we have relationships with third parties, we will adopt procedures to tell you if third parties have access to personally identifiable information about you from our site. We will take appropriate precautions to prevent inadvertent disclosures of personally identifiable information to third parties and will take immediate steps to eliminate such disclosures, if they occur, once they have come to our attention.
Additionally, we work with several types of third-party vendors, including those that provide products and services that we integrate to our site, sponsors that provide us revenue through logo and link placement on our site, advertising companies that serve up advertisement programs for the site and organizations that maintain this site. We request that third-party vendors supply us with information on their security procedures, and we evaluate them periodically to ensure that they are using data in the agreed upon way.
You should know that our relationship with some third party vendors provide us with revenues based on the number of users who view an advertisement or use a sponsored or co-branded program. These revenues are based on the use of a site and not on you as an individual. In some cases we also receive revenue from the use of external services and may get a commission on specific purchases made online. In addition, we may allow third-party vendors to buy aggregate data collected on our site but that data cannot be used to identify you.
There are three types of relationships that differ from our standard business partner relationship in which we license content or a product for integration. These exceptions are:
· Sponsored or co-branded sites
We allow other companies to make services and/or content available to you, sometimes on a sponsored or co-branded basis. To access the services on a sponsored or co-branded site, you may have to complete an online registration form in addition to the registration you completed for us. Whenever you provide registration information on sponsored or co-branded sites, data can be collected. You should read the individual privacy policies of sponsored or co-branded sites. Reading the policies will help you make an informed decision on whether or not you want to use the site.
· External Links
· Framed Links
cases, this website will “frame” another website within this site's navigation.
When this is done, you will be notified that you are accessing another site
within this site, and that the framed site carries a different set of policies,
prior to accessing it.
We have agreements with the following organizations to frame their content within our site:
health information library
Patient Compass online bill pay
Children under the age of 13 are not allowed to register on our site, or to access areas that require registration. We have established a mechanism in the registration process that does not allow children under 13 to complete the registration process. If we learn that we have inadvertently collected information from an individual under the age of 13, that information will be immediately and permanently removed from our servers.
You have the choice on this site to opt-in to information collected about you in most circumstances, the exceptions being the instances when data are used for site maintenance and so on. If you opt-in to data collection we make every effort to give you detailed information on the program or service you select. To opt-out of data collection, make any changes or updates, or request that information be deleted, you have several choices.
When you register with our site, you are given the option of receiving e-mail with information that we think you might find useful including promotions, announcements of new services and products and newsletters on particular health topics. You may also participate in our personalized e-mail reminder system that allows you to send an e-mail reminding you of certain health-related activities such as a doctor's visit or to schedule tests. If you decide, at any time, that you no longer wish to receive these e-mails you may opt-out by deselecting the checkbox on your personal information page.
· Change/update personal information
You may change or update your personal information and/or health-related personal information at any time using the following options:
1. Go to your personal information page and change the information there.
2. You can contact us in writing using the address in our Contact Us link
· Remove or delete personal information
You may remove previously provided personal and/or health-related personal information at any time using the following option:
1. You can contact us in writing using the address in our Contact Us link
Users should be aware that it is not always technically possible to remove or delete the information you provide to us. We back-up our systems to protect information from inadvertent loss, and that means a copy of your personal information may exist in a non-erasable form that may be difficult or impossible for us to locate. Nevertheless, upon receiving your request we will try to remove or delete all personal information and/or health-related personal information stored in the databases that we use for research and daily business activities. We will not intentionally disclose any personal information stored in a non-erasable format after receiving your request for removal, except as required by law.
There are certain restrictions on your ability to correct,
update or remove the health information you enter into a personal health
record. If your doctor or other health care professional has access to your
personal health record and they add information to that record, your personal
record could be considered an official medical record for legal purposes. In
this case, information cannot be deleted or removed, only updated or annotated.
Reservation of Rights
Hospital provides the HealthTools assessment and reports to you via the HealthTools assessment on an “AS IS “BASIS WITHOUT ANY WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, HOSPITAL DISCLAIMS ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, NONINFRINGEMENT AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. HOSPITAL MAKES NO WARRANTIES ABOUT (i) THE ACCURACY, RELIABILITY, ACCESSIBILITY, COMPLETENESS, OR TIMELINESS OF ANY INFORMATION SUPPLIED TO YOU VIA THE HEALTHTOOLS assessment.
Limitation of Liability
IN NO EVENT SHALL HOSPITAL OR ITS AFFILIATES, OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, EMPLOYEES, AGENTS OR LICENSORS BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR INCIDENTAL AND CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, RESULTING FROM YOUR USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE HEALTHTOOLS assessment OR ANY REPORTS OR OTHER INFORMATION PROVIDED VIA THE HEALTHTOOLS assessment, OR FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, WHETHER SUCH LIABILITY IS BASED ON WARRANTY, CONTRACT, TORT, NEGLIGENCE OR ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY, AND WHETHER OR NOT HOSPITAL OR ITS LICNESORS ARE ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
Responsibility for Safety
The HealthTools assessment may advocate or involve physical activity. You hereby expressly assume all risk associated with any physical activity you undertake in connection the HealthTools assessment or any reports or other information provided via the HealthTools assessment. It is your responsibility to consult with a physician to determine your fitness to engage in any physical activities. It is also your responsibility to use appropriate equipment, clothing and techniques.
THIS USER AGREEMENT, AND YOUR USE AND ACCESS OF THE ASSESSMENT IS GOVERNED BY THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF COLORADO, WITHOUT REGARD TO ITS CONFLICT OF LAWS RULES. JURISDICTION AND VENUE FOR ANY CAUSE OF ACTION ARISING UNDER THIS AGREEMENT SHALL BE IN DENVER, COLORADO. “HOSPITAL” makes no representation that the Assessment is appropriate or available for use in locations outside the United States of America. You agree not to access the Assessment from any country or jurisdiction where its content is illegal or prohibited. If you choose to access the Assessment from outside the United States, you do so on your own initiative and you are responsible for compliance with local laws.